Growing up my parents and older brothers all smoked. Being a child of the 80s, it was normal for the adults to be smoking inside and during trips in the car. There just wasn't the same awareness of the dangers of second-hand smoke exposure that there is today.
I remember the day when I started smoking. I was 11. I was trying to impress one of the “bad boys” at school. I stole tobacco from my father and rather clumsily rolled a cigarette that I took to school with me. Smoking gave me a sense of autonomy and choice over my own life, and at 11 it was the ultimate act of rebellion. Soon I got addicted to it and was taking cigarettes from dad's packets on a regular basis. I knew he never started counting them until he had less than half a pack left.
After a while I got caught smoking at school. My parents struck a deal with me: if I stopped smoking at school, they would purchase more tobaccos for me to smoke at home. This was perhaps a misguided attempt to keep me out of trouble. I jumped at the idea, and simply got smarter about smoking at school.
I smoked right through my teens and early 20s, spending thousands of dollars on cigarettes, sacrificing food and other necessities to ensure I had cigarettes.
I tried many methods to quit, but each time I would go back to smoking. I have always had a love-hate relationship with cigarettes. On the one hand, they were a friend to me when I had no other, one constant in my life I could rely on. On the other hand, I despised (鄙视) being dependent on something that was going to kill me.
I grew concerned about the effect my smoking would have on my children and I felt guilty putting cigarettes over other things that could have benefited my family. It is with great shame that I admit that I continued smoking even after having a daughter born with cystic fibrosis (囊性纤维). My daughter fights every day to breathe — and here I was intentionally causing damage to my lungs.
The turning point for me was an incredibly painful experience. ……
I set myself further little goals, such as only taking my e-cigarettes whenever I went. ……
April is National Poetry Month and naturally a great time to explore the powers of poetry. Reading and writing poetry engage our senses along with our emotions. Both have highly therapeutic (治疗的) effects on the mind.
The structure of a poem favors brief language yet the best poems also capture brief detail, making them powerful in getting a message across to the reader. Writing poetry requires extremely disciplined choice of words and the number of words, to create a sharp and accurate snapshot of the poet's feeling. This combination of conciseness and detail gives the reader open access to the poet's mind and enables the reader to truly connect with him.
Writing poetry requires us to be open and honest about our feelings so that we can voice them through pen and paper. This acknowledgement of our innermost thoughts allows us to be true to ourselves and boosts our self-respect.
The best poetry is written when we are truly in the midst of our emotions. This is when the release of emotions to pen and then paper as an outlet calms us and enables us to move forward.
Poetry's powerful healing qualities have been documented during both world wars and the American civil war: poems were read to soldiers to help them cope with sufferings and the cruelty of war. Doctors would write poems for patients, emotionally connecting with them. A good example of this is John Keats who also trained as a doctor.
Poetry has also been used by modern-day doctors and physicians at Yale University School of Medicine and University College London School of Medicine. Yale actually has a committee that maintains a required literary reading list which includes poetry. Poetry allows both the doctor and the patient to understand the emotions that the patient might be going through.
The use of poetry continues to grow as a recognized form of therapy. More psychotherapists across the US, UK and Europe continue to use poetry therapy as part of their practice. Globally the International Federation for Poetry Therapy sets standards of excellence in the training of practitioners in the field of poetry therapy, qualifying them to practice.
Overflowing rivers can cause enormous damage. ________ And it continues to rise. So far it has not been evident how climate change influences the magnitude (规模) of river floods.
Austrian flood expert Prof. Günter Bl?schl from TU Wien (Vienna) has led a large international study involving a total of 35 research groups. The study provides clear evidence that it is climate change that causes the change of magnitude of flood events observed in recent decades. ________ In northwestern Europe, floods are becoming increasingly severe; in southern and eastern Europe, flood magnitudes mostly tend to decrease, although in small catchments (集水区) they may actually increase.
“We already knew that climate change is shifting the timing of floods within a year,” says Günter Bl?schl. “But the key question is: Does climate change also control the magnitude of flood events? The previous available data had not been adequate to figure out whether this is the case or not. We have now examined this question in great detail and can say with confidence: ________ ”
For the study, data from 3,738 flood measurement stations in Europe from 1960 to 2010 were analyzed. For a longtime it has been assumed that climate change is having an impact on the magnitude of flood waters because a warmer atmosphere can store more water. ________ In central and north-western Europe, between Iceland and Austria, flood magnitudes are increasing because rainfall is increasing and the soils are becoming wetter. In southern Europe, on the other hand, flood levels are decreasing, as climate change results in declining rainfall and the higher temperatures cause increased evaporation of water in the soil. In the more continental climate of Eastern Europe, the magnitudes of floods tend to decrease due to shallower snow packs in winter associated with higher temperatures.
________ “But the regional patterns all match well with predicted climate change impacts,” says Bl?schl, “This shows us that we are already in the midst of climate change.”
A. Processes differ across Europe.
B. Yes, climate change is a vital factor.
C. The magnitude of the changes is remarkable.
D. Flood management must adapt to these new realities.
E. However, climate change does not have the same effect on floods everywhere.
F. The latest findings show that this is not the only effect, things are more complicated.
G. Worldwide, the annual damage caused by river floods is estimated at over 100 billion dollars.
On Oct 8th, 2019, Iceland honored the passing of Okjokull, the first of Iceland's glaciers to disappear on account of climate change. In 1890, the glacier ice covered 16 square kilometers but in 2012, it ________ (measure) just 0.7 square kilometers. A monument is set up at the site of the former glacier, ________ bears the inscription (题词) A Letter to the Future, and is intended ________ (raise) awareness about the decline of glaciers and the effects of climate change.
The world is quickly realizing ________is necessary to actively pull carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere to prevent the ill effects of climate change. Scientists and engineers have proposed a ________ (various) of techniques to deal with the change. ________, most would be extremely expensive — without ________ (bring) any profits. Therefore, no one wants to foot the bill.
One method explored in the past decade might now be a step closer ________ becoming practical. The process ________ (involve) pumping CO2 carried through the air down into methane hydrates (甲烷水合物) right under the seafloor, where the gas will be ________ (permanent) stored, or separated. The incoming CO2 pushes out the methane, which will be piped to the surface and burned to provide electricity, to power the separation operation or to bring in money to pay for it.
A little boy always thought of himself as the most unfortunate child in the world because polio (小儿麻痹症) made his leg lame and his teeth uneven. He seldom played with his classmates; when the teacher asked him to answer questions, he always lowered his head without a word.
One spring, the boy's father asked for some seeds from the neighbor. He wanted to plant them in front of the house. He told his children to plant a seed each. The father said to them, “Whose seed grows best, I will buy him or her a gift.” The boy also wanted to get his father's gift, but seeing his brothers and sisters watering the trees joyfully, anyhow, he hit upon an idea: he hoped the tree he planted would die soon. So watering it once or twice, he never attended to it.
A few days later, when the little boy went to see his tree again, he was surprised to find it not only didn't become weak, but also grew some fresh leaves, and compared with the trees of his brothers and sisters, his tree appeared greener and more vital. His father kept his promise, bought the little boy his favorite gift and said to him, “From the tree you planted, you would become an outstanding botanist (植物学家) when you grew up.”
Since then, the little boy gradually became optimistic. One day, the little boy lay on the bed but couldn't sleep. Looking at the bright moonlight outside the window, he suddenly recalled what the biology teacher once said, plants generally grow at night. Why not go to see the tree? When he came to the courtyard on tiptoe, he found his father was splashing something under his tree with a large spoon. All of a sudden, he understood: his father had been secretly fertilizing his small tree! He returned to his room, tears running down his face. Even if it is just a spoon of clear water, it can make the tree of life thrive.
It takes a special person to see a life in danger and go out of his way to make a difference. But that's exactly what Kole Devisscher did when he 1 the thin ice of a river to save 10-year-old Chartrand from 2.
The young man was 3 for his bravery by MP Joy Smith. Smith 4 him with a certificate and said Devisscher would be nominated (提名) for the Governor General's Medal of Bravery.
Describing the 5, Devisscher said he thought it was something 6 when he saw a blue jacket in the river. 7 for Chartrand, the teenager decided to back up his truck and take another look.
When Devisscher realized somebody was 8 in the cold water, he leapt into 9. “I got out of the truck and grabbed the tow strap from the backseat.” explained Devisscher.
“He couldn't quite grab onto the rope because his hands were already turning blue. Then I made a loop on the hook and got him to put it around his shoulders.”
Devisscher's dad, Gerry, says his son remembered some of the 10 he learned while snowmobiling over the years. “He was listening. He just couldn't refuse to 11 it. He wanted to help, 12 at that time I was nervous he went out there.”
To honour Kole's 13 and to thank him for saving her son, the mother of the boy gave Devisscher Nathaniel's eagle feather.
“When he called, saying he 14 someone, it didn't sink in at first. Today's the first time I've heard the whole 15 .”
“It's just 16 that a young man like Kole stopped... He got him out of the river and he calmed him,” MP Smith said at the presentation ceremony.
“I think he is an outstanding young man, and all of Canada should be 17 of what he's done.”
Devisscher said he just 18 others would do the same. “It feels good, not everybody gets this 19. It's pretty awesome,” said Devisscher. “I hope someone else would do that for me if I was under the same 20 .”
Exercise is an important part of staying healthy. Studies show that it can help strengthen the body's natural defenses against disease. But exercise does not just keep us healthy. For many people, it is part of their daily routine, making them feel better about themselves. Getting enough exercise at difficult times, such as the current coronavirus pandemic (新冠疫情), is important.
However, due to the bans on close contact between individuals, gyms and exercise studios are not open. In areas with stay-at-home orders, exercising outside may not be as simple as usual. So, people are changing the way they exercise during this pandemic.
Beth Berglin is the director of a gallery in Miami, Florida. Before the pandemic, her exercise routine involved going to camp-style classes four mornings a week. Now, the area where she trains is closed. But she is staying active through online classes. “Part of the reason we exercise is to have that mental break,” she said. “I can't imagine getting through this without having some form of physical activity.”
Fitness companies are changing to meet the new environment. Some are helping people stay active by offering online classes, some of which are free or have reduced cost. Some are offering longer trial periods for at-home workouts. During a trial period, people can try a product or service for free. Some have completely moved their training programs online. Many of these online exercise classes are made for smaller spaces and do not require any special equipment.
Fitness companies that have been using an online model seem better prepared than others. They are using the pandemic to expand their fitness offerings and appeal to new customers. Some of those new customers include children who are now learning at home during the pandemic. Founders of one online exercise company, named Obe, said that they received requests for children's classes from parents. So, they launched four 10-minute dance and strength workouts for children 10 years old and younger.
Tips on Handling Rejection in Your Career
I have experienced many noes in my life. And yet, the noes haven't held me back.________Whenever I get a no, I view it as an invitation-to explore new ways to cooperate, perhaps at another time.
Most importantly, noes encourage my persistence(坚持不懈). ________
Don't take the no personally. It's just business. Don't allow yourself to feel useless because someone rejects your application or says that they don't see an opportunity to work with you. As far as I'm concerned, it may have been a case of bad timing.
Don't shy away from being persistent. Persistence in the face of challenges, failures, and unexpected situations is the mark of a good employee.________This extra effort may even get you noticed as displaying a valuable quality.
Be respectful. You won't get anywhere if you respond to a rejection with a hurt or bitter response. Honor the other person. Even if the final response is no, let the other party know you are still interested in working with them should an opportunity arise.
Be aware of cultural standards. Keep in mind that cultural standards regarding persistence vary. In some countries, it's perfectly OK to email someone twice a month to keep in touch with them.________So, study up on the culture in which you want to take part and respect its rules.
I will continue to receive noes throughout my life. But I'm not afraid of them. ________For me, that's been an important part of my career advancement and professional development.
A. Instead, they've served as an inspiration to me.
B. I've built up my resistance to noes by being persistent.
C. However, constant phone calls are improper sometimes.
D. There's nothing wrong with a follow-up email or phone call.
E. On the contrary, people might consider it polite and favorable.
F. But that might be seen as rude and invasive in other countries.
G. To be persistent in the face of noes, I'd like to share a few rules.